H.0040 is a round shaped gourd with an accompanying wooden component (see Figure 1). It is a bottle for palm wine collection in Yakö, Nigeria. The shape of this gourd is irregular as how it was grown naturally (see Figure 2 to 5). It has an opening on the top from the neck (Figure 6) and is hollow. In addition to the deep beige colour, it has extensive black stain on the gourd body and there is a piece of twine tied to the gourd through the three holes near the gourd neck (see Figure 2 to 5). As for the wooden support, it is made of two distinct types of timber fibre, both unpainted and unvarnished (see Figure 7 to 11).
Berns, M. C. and B. R. Hudson. 1986. The Essential Gourd: Art and History in Northeastern Nigeria. Los Angeles: Museum of Cultural History, University of California.
Dodge, E. S. 1943. Gourd Growers of the South Seas. Ethnographical Series No. 2. Boston: Gourd Society of America.
Forde, D. 1964. Yakö Studies. London, New York, Iban: Oxford University Press.
National Commission for Museums and Monuments. 1993. Uses of Gourds in Nigeria. Lagos: National Commission for Museums and Monuments.
Norton, R. E. 1990a. Technology of Plant Materials Used in Artifacts. In: The Conservation of Artifacts Made from Plant Materials. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 83-138.